– d. 15 martie, 44 î.Hr., în română cunoscut și ca Iulius Cezar) a fost un lider politic și general roman și una dintre cele mai influente și mai controversate personalități din istorie. There were few the Emperor trusted to settle matters in the east, but he was confident Gaius could.  Caesar often spoke of himself only as Caius Caesar, omitting the nomen gentile Iulius. a group of Roman senators murdered Julius Caesar as he sat on the podium at a senate meeting.The dictator fell bleeding to his death from 23 … Gaius Julius Caesar (Greek: ΓΑΙΟΣ ΙΟΥΛΙΟΣ ΚΑΙΣΑΡ) was a prominent name of the Gens Julia from Roman Republican times, borne by a number of figures, but most notably by the general and dictator Julius Caesar. Apart from using the elephant as a claim for extraordinary political power in Rome, the coin is an unmasked allusion to this etymology of the name and directly identifies Caesar with the elephant, because the animal treads a Gallic serpent-horn, the carnyx, as a symbolic depiction of Caesar's own victory.. However, Marcellus died of an illness that had spread throughout the city of Rome that year. 2Alarmed by these tidings and letters, Caesar levied two new legions in Hither Gaul, and, at the beginning of summer, sent Q. Pedius, his lieutenant, to conduct them further into Gaul. The death of Herod was in January 1 BC according to some scholars. While Caesar hailed from Roman aristocrats, his family was far from rich. , At the same time, King Phraates IV of Parthia had seized Armenia with the help of Armenian nationalists, and expelled Tigranes IV, the king installed by Rome.  The death of Lollius was fortunate to Tiberius, after which Gaius consented to his return to Rome and consequent return to Roman politics.  After his senatorial consecration as Divus Iulius in 42 BC, the dictator perpetuo bore the posthumous name Imperator Gaius Iulius Caesar Divus (IMP•C•IVLIVS•CAESAR•DIVVS, best translated as "Commander [and] God Gaius Julius Caesar"), which is mostly given as his official historical name. Gaius Julius Caesar (The Tusculum portrait, perhaps the only surviving sculpture of Caesar made during his lifetime) photo: Gautier Poupeau, license cc-by-2.0. De Gaius Julius Cäsar (lat. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). The Romans weren't the only ones interested in Armenia: the Parthians stirred up a revolt among nationalists in the nation. Several other interpretations were propagated in antiquity, all of which remain highly doubtful: Another interpretation of Caesar deriving from the verb caedere ("to cut") could theoretically have originated in the argument of the Julians for receiving a sodality of the Lupercalia, the luperci Iulii (or Iuliani). Shortly afterward, he was appointed to the office of consul for the following year, 1 AD. Gaius Julius Caesar is a minor antagonist from Reincarnation no Kaben.He is one of the five elite generals of The Sinners Organization and also one of the original members of the organization itself alongside Kouu, Charlotte Corday, Adolf Hitler, Pol Pot and Albert DeSalvo. Approximately eighteen months later, Gaius died of an illness in Lycia. Agrippa arrived there that winter (in 12 BC), but the Pannonians gave up their plans. This year, monuments were raised to him and to his brother as the son of Ares or as Ares himself. The next year, Augustus made him a pontifex, and granted him the right to attend senate meetings, behold spectacles, and to be present at banquets with senators. , Author and historian John Grainger places Gaius at the Gulf of Aqaba, or in Nabataea. Suetonius further wrote that Tiberius wrote to the Emperor that Lollius be replaced.  (That is, the s between vowels did not change to r.) Using the Latin alphabet as it existed in the day of Julius Caesar (100 BC – 44 BC) (i.e., without lower case letters, "J", or "U"), Caesar's name is properly rendered GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR (the spelling CAIVS is also attested and is interchangeable with the more common GAIVS; however the letter C was used with its antique pronunciation of [g], as it was an adaptation of Greek gamma). , Following the death of King Herod of Judaea in 4 BC, his sons Antipas and Archelaus both came to Rome with their own copy of Herod's will to plead their case as to why they each deserved to inherit their father's kingdom. While there, he fell ill and died on 20 August 2 AD in Massalia, Gaul. Temples, public baths, and shops shut their doors as women wept inconsolably. She was deemed guilty of committing adultery on multiple accounts by her father Augustus (Dio, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSmith1873 (. As a priest not only had to be of patrician stock, but married to a patrician, Caesar broke off his engagement to a plebian girl and married the patrician, Cornelia, daughter of a high profile and influential … Deciding that belonging to the priesthood would bring the most benefit to the family, he managed to have himself nominated as the new High Priest of Jupiter. Gaio Giulio Cesare was born on July 13, 0100 in Rome, Roman Republic. Lucius, three years his junior, was granted the same honors after the appropriate interval had elapsed. Later used by Pliny for the wooly part of a plant; early form: Cf. Gaius, Iulius, and Caesar are Caesar's praenomen, nomen, and cognomen, respectively. He was a part of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, and was related to all the Julio-Claudian emperors. , Also in 13 BC, Agrippa and Augustus returned to Rome. , In earlier times Caesar could originally have been a praenomen. , Both Tacitus and Cassius Dio suggested foul play may have been involved in the death of Gaius and Lucius and that Gaius's step grandmother Livia may have had a hand in their deaths.  This has however no etymological value and is only a retrofitting interpretation concerned with the earlier institution of the Vediovis-cult in Rome together with a statue of Iulus-Vediovis as a (possibly bearded) archer.  By tracing their descent from Aeneas, the Iulii belonged to the so-called "Trojan" families of Rome. He, himself, as soon as there began to be plenty of forage, came to the army. They had two daughters, known as Julia Major and Julia Minor, and a son, Gaius, who was born in 100 BC. The etymology of the name Caesar is still unknown and was subject to many interpretations even in antiquity.  Posthumously, the Senate voted honors for the young Caesars, and arranged for the golden spears and shields the boys had received on achieving the age of military service to be hung in the Senate House. , That year his family left for the province of Syria, because Agrippa was given command of the eastern provinces with proconsular imperium maius. Gaius Julius Caesar (102 B.C 44 B.C.) Although he was born to Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia, Augustus' only daughter, Gaius and his younger brother, Lucius Caesar, were raised by their grandfather as his adopted sons and joint-heirs to the empire. Är het under anderum Gallie eroberet, d Helvetier unterworfe, de römisch Bürgerchrieg gwunne u Ägypte eroberet. As the emperor had no sons, he adopted Gaius, who became Gaius Julius Caesar, and his brother, Lucius, in the hope that they would succeed him. He had to be carried away by his outraged lieutenants. Gaius Julius Caesar (son of Agrippa) Born Gaius Vipsanius Agrippa in 20 BC, he was the son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder, and grandson of Augustus. , By the next year (3 AD), he was entirely prostrated by the effects of his wound, had resigned his command, and withdrawn to Syria from where he informed Augustus that he had no further desire to take part in public life. (That is, the s between vowels did not change to r.) Using the Latin alphabet as it existed in the day of Julius Caesar(100 BC – 44 BC) (i.e., without lower case letters, "J", or "U"), Caesar's name is properly rendered GAIVS IVLIVS CAESAR (the spelling CAIVS is also attested and is interchangeable with the more common GAIVS; however the letter C was used with its antique pronunci…  Juba II, former king of Mauretania, accompanied Gaius to the east. Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: [ˈɡaː.i.ʊs ˈjuː.li.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known as Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician, general, and notable author of Latin prose. 15, 44 B.C.  According to Suetonius, Gaius gave Tiberius a cold reception on the isle of Samos.  The eastern campaign had proven severe: his health was weak and his mental balance unstable. , His inexperience meant he was forced to rely on his companions, namely the unruly Lollius, who had taken advantage of the powers he held, and was reportedly holding towns, individuals, and even sovereign princes for ransom. Augustus sent Agrippa to Pannonia at the end of 13 to suppress a rebellion. Agrippa acted as tribune in the Senate to pass important legislation and, though he lacked some of the emperor's power and authority, he was approaching the position of co-regent. The name Caesar probably originated in Italy from a dialect of Latium which did not share the rhotacism of the Roman dialect. Tiberius was alienated at the meeting, by the behavior of both Lollius and Gaius' centurions. Augustus taught Gaius and Lucius how to read, swim, and the other elements of education, taking special pains to train them to imitate his own handwriting, mostly by himself. It was the full name (tria nomina) of the dictator Julius Caesar, as well as other prominent men of the Roman Republic, including the dictator's father and grandfather. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. With his charismatic leadership, his powerful intellect and his magnetic personal charm, Julius Caesar became the idol of men and women everywhere. Having settled matters in Judaea, the Emperor decided to deploy an army to Armenia to re-establish its status as a Roman protectorate and to show the eastern world that Rome held dominion over all land as far as the Euphrates. After Gaius opened negotiations with Phraates, Lollius offered the Parthian king certain concessions in return for money. Caesar presided over his own election to a second consulship and then, after eleven days, resigned this dictatorship.  Some have linked the name to an unknown Etruscan phrase, others to the gentilician name Gavius, which possibly might have lost the medial v in the course of time. Agrippa was given tribunicia potestas ("the tribunician power") in 18 BC, a power that Augustus received in 23 BC, and later on was exercised only by the emperor and shared with some heirs (Agrippa, Tiberius). Having been designated consul, he was allowed to give his opinion to the senate. He was the brother of Sextus Julius Caesar (consul in 91 BC) and the son of Gaius Julius Caesar. probably Punic language, thereby following the claims of his family that they inherited the cognomen from an ancestor, who had received the name after killing an elephant, possibly during the first Punic War. This article incorporates material from the Citizendium article "Gaius Julius Caesar (name)", which is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License but not under the GFDL. The council decided to ratify the will brought by Archelaus, which included a large bequest to Augustus and his wife Livia. The last emperor of the dynasty was Nero, who was Gaius' great-nephew and the grandson of Germanicus. Julius Caesar himself may have propagated the derivation from the elephant, an animal that was said to have been called transl. The old spelling remained valid in later times and existed alongside Gaius, especially in the form of the abbreviation C. The only known original Roman etymology of Gaius is expressed as a gaudio parentum, meaning that the name Gaius stems from the Latin verb gaudere ("to rejoice", "to be glad"). He played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. Marriage and Issue Edit Caesar married Cornelia and had one daughter, Julia. One of the most daring and brilliant generals of all time, Julius Caesar combined the elements of tactical genius with the shrewdness of a master politician. juvenescent theophoric name of Iovis, which used to be one of the older names of the god Iuppiter.  But no supporting evidence has been found to this day. They stabbed Caesar (23 times) to death in a location adjacent to the Theatre of Pompey on the Ides of March 15 March 44 BC. Tiberius was given command of Germania, and waged two campaigns across the Rhine in 8 BC and 7 BC. Augustus, as usual, declined the sole responsibility of decision. It is very likely this man was part of Gaius' entourage, but other than that nothing is known of him. Since the Gauls came to know the elephant through the Punic commander Hannibal, it is possible that the animal was also known under the name caesar or caesai in Gaul. Caesar used the animal during his conquest of Gaul and probably of Britain, which is further supported by the inclusion of forty elephants on the first day of Caesar's Gallic triumph in Rome. The Emperor did not desire an open war, and the king of Parthia seemed open to peace. The aurei and denarii issued in 13–12 BC made clear the Emperor's dynastic plans for Gaius and Lucius. Roman nomenclature is somewhat different from the modern English form. His family were closely connected with the Marian faction in Roman politics. When he was 16, his father, an important regional governor in Asia also named Gaius Julius Caesar, died. In 1 BC, Gaius was given command of the eastern provinces, after which he concluded a peace treaty with King Phraates V of Parthia on an island in the Euphrates. Biography (Note, common lexica including the Wikipedia give Caesar's birth date as 13 July, which however refers to the old Roman calendar. , While Gaius was in Armenia, his brother Lucius had been sent by Augustus to complete his military training in Spain. Lollius strove to turn Gaius against Tiberius; Gaius, in any case, had no affection for the man who had contributed, directly or indirectly, to the ruin of his mother. Proposed e.g. xpu – transl. , At the same time, the throne of Armenia had become vacant and, with permission from the Emperor, Gaius placed Ariobarzanes II of Atropatene on the throne. He is always seen wearing a … He died on March 15, 0044 in Rome. Livilla was the daughter of Drusus the Elder and Antonia Minor. Pliny says he amassed a fortune from his crimes and that, as a result, his granddaughter could afford to wear jewelry worth 40,000,000 sesterces, a considerable amount of money. Their father was no longer available to assume the reins of power if the Emperor were to die, and Augustus had to make it clear who his intended heirs were in case anything should happen. In Greek, during Caesar's time, his name was written Καῖσαρ, which was pronounced more or less the same. Livia's presumed motive may have been to orchestrate the accession of her own son Tiberius as heir to Augustus. Gaius is an archaic Latin name and one of the earliest Roman praenomina. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.. The Emperor entrusted Gaius with proconsular authority and had his second cousin, Livilla, marry him. His youngest brother, Postumus, participated in the Trojan game with the rest of the equestrian youth. Caesar's grand-nephew, Gaius Octavius Thurinus, duly took the full name "Gaius Julius Caesar" upon Caesar's posthumous adoption of him in 44 BC (while legally he should have been "Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus", and was/is called as such by contemporaries and historians, he himself never used either of his original surnames again), and the name of Caesar became fused with the imperial dignity after Octavianus became the first Roman Emperor, Augustus; in this sense it is preserved in the German and Bulgarian words Kaiser and Tsar (sometimes spelled Czar), both of which refer to an emperor. (The letterform Æ is a ligature, which is often encountered in Latin inscriptions, where it was used to save space, and is nothing more than the letters "ae".)  The term "Arabia" is never defined, and the term was used loosely by Roman sources. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? As Phraates was not willing to go to war, he agreed to evacuate Armenia and abandon his brothers who were still in Roman captivity. , The following year (5 BC), when he attained military age, he assumed the toga virilis, and was introduced by Augustus to the senate, who declared him as princeps iuventutis ("leader of the youth") and sevir turmae (commander of a cavalry division). Weinstock's argument however relies on a hypothetical intermediate form *Iovilus, and he stated himself that Iullus can't originally have been a theophoric name and could therefore only have become one at a secondary stage, after the Julians had established the identification of Iulus as their gentilician god Vediovis (also: Veiovis), who was a "young Iuppiter" himself. , Gaius was played by Earl Rhodes in the 1976 TV series I, Claudius. , Sometime in the course of his time in the east, Gaius led an expedition into Arabia. , The next year, on 1 January, he entered the consulship in absentia with his brother-in-law, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, in accordance with the decision of 6 BC which named him consul designate. Agrippa returned to Campania in Italy, where he fell ill and died soon after. [note 1], Friends of Augustus had hoped that he would abandon his plan of sending Gaius to the east but, faced with the troubles in the east, he persisted with the plan and dispatched Gaius to Syria at the beginning of 1 BC. caesai in the "Moorish", i.e. In 2 BC, Julia the Elder was forced into exile after she had received a letter in Tiberius' name. user since Fri Oct 9 2020 at 13:05:08 (1.7 months ago ) last seen Fri Nov 13 2020 at 19:07:00 (2.2 weeks ago ) number of write-ups 16 - View Gaius Julius Caesar's writeups level / experience 2 (Acolyte) / 302 most recent writeup November 1, 2020 Gaius was drawn into the conflict, and invaded Armenia in late August of 2 AD.  The death of Gaius' father made succession a pressing issue.  This is probably evidenced by the continuation of coinage in the king's name after Gaius' consulship. It was in vain: Gaius died in a little Lycian town on 21 February 4 AD. He convened a council of senators, among whom he included Gaius. bce , Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce , Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce ), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce , and dictator (46–44 bce ), who was launching a … The year after Gaius' consulship, Lucius died at Massilia in the month of August. Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was an early supporter of Augustus (then "Octavius") during the Final War of the Roman Republic that ensued as a result of the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC. Andreas Alföldi: "Review of St. Weinstock, Divus Julius". , Cassius Dio, in a fragmentary notice, mentions trouble in Egypt which was suppressed by a tribune of the Praetorian Guard. Är isch vo Brutus u republikanisch gsinnte Senatore erschdoche worde, wo Angscht gha hei, dass är wet König vo Rom wärde.  Lollius' rivalry with Tiberius continued even after Gaius and his entourage reached Syria.  Others derived Iulius from King Ilus, who was the founder of Ilion (Troy). , Gaius was born in Rome in 20 BC to Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. Before Rome could deal with the Parthians in Armenia, it would first need to make its Syrian legions available, which were still tied down in Palestine. Gaius Julius Caesar was the name of several members of the gens Julia in ancient Rome. , In the year following his consulship, in spring, he had held a meeting with Phraates on the bank of the Euphrates, in which a banquet was held to celebrate a peace treaty. , Due to his advanced age, Augustus was unable to travel to the east himself.  Gaius, who was twenty, had reached Asia, and was probably at Antioch at the time his consulship commenced, where he was organizing an army for the invasion of Armenia and opening negotiations with Phraates in the hopes of securing an agreement.  The governor of Syria, Varus, was forced to bring in the legions from Syria to restore order. 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